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Every year, millions of Americans suffer from gum disease. While there are several increased risk factors, gum disease is primarily caused by an inadequate oral hygiene routine and by not attending a routine dental cleaning twice a year. When plaque and food particles are not removed from your teeth and along the gumline, they can harden into the bacterial-rich substance known as tartar.

To prevent this, the American Dental Association recommends that you brush your teeth twice each day and immediately follow that brushing by flossing between your teeth and along the gumline.

The earliest form of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Early symptoms include gums that bleed easily when brushing and flossing and issues with chronic bad breath. In many cases, the gums might also look red or inflamed.

In many cases, gingivitis can be resolved through improvements in your oral hygiene routine and by attending your dental checkup and cleaning with your dentist, Dr. Danielle Kelner.

If left unchecked, gingivitis can progress into a more serious form of gum disease, which is known as periodontitis. When this happens, the inflammation in the gum tissues starts to make the gums recede from the base of your teeth. Eventually, pockets of infection start to form near the roots of your teeth.

Without treatment, periodontitis can even result in the loss of bone in the part of your jaw that anchors your teeth. In some cases, advanced periodontitis requires surgical intervention or prescription antibiotics to effectively treat and resolve the problem.

If you have questions or concerns about gum disease in Clark, New Jersey, please feel free to call Kelner Periodontics LLC at 732-587-6740 to understand your prevention or treatment options.